原题目:英语表达中“此刻完成时”的七种用法

​ 说禁绝是具体的哪一天,但确定是不久前,被这首歌洗脑了,单曲轮回了很久。

尤其是那句最为经典并被N人转载的歌词:我曾把完全的镜子打坏,夜晚的枕头都是眼泪。

细心想想,这镜子得多贵啊!

这首顽强的歌词,加上隔邻老樊粗犷嘶哑的嗓音无疑感动了无数人的心坎。就像一块石头被丢进了你心坎的逝世水。出现的层层涟漪打破你想象出来的安静。这一波一波的水纹,勾起了你花好长时光才抚平的伤痛回想。肄业中的各种不顺,被家长扼喉的年少幻想,同事之间无情的嘲讽,老板背后鄙夷的眼光,一刹时又都涌上心头……

我不是一个有故事的人,可是听到这首歌也不免沉思。《我曾》,一个雅思白话绕不开的话题。众所周知,在白话测验中考官会针对考生的一些小我阅历发问。于此同时考官考核的常识点之一就是考生白话表述中对于时态的正确利用。所以,今天咱们蹭《我曾》这个热门,来和大师细心说说“此刻完成时”的用法。

凡是情形下,在英语表达中应用“此刻完成时”有如下七种情形:

Unspecified point in the past

睁开全文

I have been to Shanghai three times before. 这句话实在并没有明白的时光状语,故而时光状语可以被以为是从“措辞者”诞生到措辞确当下。如斯一来,此刻完成时确定是最佳的时态选择了。

I went to Spain three times in 2008. 与上句话比拟,这句的时光状语很是具体,所以用一般曩昔时或者曩昔完成时更为贴切。

An action that occurred in the past, but has a result in the preset

We cannot find out our luggage. Have you seen it?

丢行李是之前就产生了的工作,这件工作对此刻也有显明的影响。所以用have you seen来提问,比拟适当。

Talking about general experiences.

Have you ever been there before (in your life)? 与“一”中的情景相似。看上往没有明白的时光状语,那么就可以依据句意懂得为:in your life。

Evens that recently occurred (just)

I’ve just eaten my lunch. 此句夸大方才吃过。

Events that have occurred up to now (yet)

They have not arrived yet. And we must wait. 前一句夸大的是他们直到此刻还有到的状况,所以用此刻完成时比拟正确。

Events that occurred before you expected (already)

I’ve already graduated from college. Already在句子中凡是被译作:早已,早前,已经。用来夸大工作在预期之前已经产生。

Events that began in the past and haven’t changed (for, since)

Mike has worked here for 3 years. Mike has worked here since three years ago.这个此刻完成时与后面的时光状语彼此共同,夸大从那时起直到此刻谓语动词一向处于某种状况。

义务编纂: